The 2005 Catena project team consisted of a committee of advisors, participating scholars, a steering committee, and BGC staff.

Committee of Advisors

This group includes some pioneers in the field of landscape design history. The books listed bear the most relevance to this project.

James Ackerman, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus in Department of the History of Art and Architecture at Harvard University, is the author of The Villa: Form and Ideology of Country Houses (1990).

Miroslava Marie Benes, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer in the History of Landscape Architecture at the Harvard Design School is the co-author of Villas and Gardens in Early Modern Italy and France (2001).

Joseph Connors, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Art History at Columbia University and Director of the Harvard Center for the Study of the Italian Renaissance at the Villa I Tatti in Florence.

Claudia Lazzaro, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of Art History at Cornell University, is the author of The Italian Renaissance Garden (1990).

David Lowenthal, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Geography at University College London, is the author of The Past is a Foreign Country (1985).

Elizabeth Barlow Rogers, MCP (Project Founder and former Director), President, Foundation for Landscape Studies is the author of the award-winning Landscape Design, A Cultural and Architectural History. She was the founding director of the Garden History and Landscape Studies concentration at the Bard Graduate Center and was instrumental in laying the groundwork for the Catena digital archive.

David Schuyler, Ph.D., Professor in the Department of American Studies at Franklin and Marshall College, is the author of Apostle Of Taste: Andrew Jackson Downing, 1815–1852 (1996).


Participating Scholars

This group is providing the visual materials and intellectual content contained in the database and website. The books listed bear the most relevance to this project.

Dr. Alberta Campitelli is the Superintendent of the Villas and Historical Parks Service, Rome, and has worked on the restoration of the secret gardens of the Villa Borghese.

Denis Cosgrove, Ph.D., Alexander von Humboldt Professor of Geography at the University of California, Los Angeles, is contributing images and documentation for the villas of the Veneto. He is the author of The Palladian Landscape: Geographical Change and its Cultural Representations in Sixteenth-Century Italy (1993).

Tracy Ehrlich, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Art History at Colgate University, is a specialist on the villas of Frascati and is the author of Landscape and Identity in Early Modern Rome: Villa Culture at Frascati in the Borghese Era (2002).

Bernard Frischer, Ph.D., Professor of Classics and Director of the University of Virginia’s Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, is an authority on ancient Roman landscape and director of the excavations at Horace’s Villa from 19972001.

Giorgio Galletti has been Director of the Office of Villas, Parks, and Gardens of the Soprintendenza per i Beni Architettonici in Florence since 1986. His principal responsibilities have included the maintenance, conservation, and restoration of the Giardino di Boboli and the villas of Castello, la Petraia, and Poggio a Caiano. The Acádemie de France selected him for the conservation project of the garden of the Villa Medici in Rome, on which he has been working since June 2000. He was a fellow at Dumbarton Oaks for the academic year 1998–1999.

Kathryn Gleason, Ph.D., is Associate Professor and Department Chair of the Department of Landscape Architecture at Cornell University. She specializes in garden archeology.

Dianne Harris, Ph.D., Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture and Architecture in the Department of Landscape Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, has worked extensively on Lombard gardens and is the author of The Nature of Authority: Villa Culture, Landscape, and Representation in Eighteenth-Century Lombardy (2003).

Robin Karson is the Executive Director of The Library of American Landscape History and is the author of The Muses of Gwinn: Art and Nature in a Gardens Designed by Warren H. Manning, Charles A. Platt, and Ellen Biddle Shipman (1995).

Patricia Osmond, Ph.D., is the Consultant for Research and Development and the curator of the archives at Villa Gamberaia. In 2002, she was guest editor for Studies in the History of Gardens and Designed Landscapes, a special issue devoted to the Villa Gambaraia.

John Pinto, Ph.D., is Howard Crosby Butler Professor for the History of Architecture in the Department of Art and Archaeology at Princeton University. He is the co-author (with William Macdonald) of Hadrian’s Villa and its Legacy (1995).

Lucia Tongiorgi Tomasi, Ph.D., Professor in the Dipartimento di Storia delle Arti dell’Universita di Pisa, is an expert on Medici villas and gardens. She is co-author (with Gretchen Hirschauer) of The Flowering of Florence: Botanical Art for the Medici (2002).


Project Steering Committee

The steering committee consists of people who have experience either with new media applications, creating databases of visual resources collections, or using online content as a teaching tool.

Jeffrey Cohen, Ph.D., Senior Lecturer, Growth and Structure of the Cities Program; Director, Digital Media and Visual Resources Center, Bryn Mawr College

Therese O’Malley, Ph.D., Landscape historian and Associate Dean, Center for Advanced Studies in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington DC

Reuben Rainey, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Landscape Architecture, University of Virginia

Ann Whiteside, MLS, Fine Arts Librarian, University of Virginia, Former President of the Visual Resources Association


Project Staff

The project staff is affiliated with the Bard Graduate Center and works closely with the steering committee to reach decisions regarding the appropriate metadata tags for images as well as all other matters relating to the construction of the project website and its searchable database.

Johanna Bauman, Ph.D. (Project Director and Landscape Historian), Visual Media Curator, Bard Graduate Center

Erik de Jong, Ph.D. (Project Advisor and Participating Scholar), Professor, Garden History and Landscape Studies, Bard Graduate Center

Polly Giragosian (Project Assistant), Assistant Curator of Visual Media Resources, Bard Graduate Center


Learn more:
Project Mission / Participating Institutions / Project Status


Interior of a temple, Hypnerotomachie, ou discours du songe de poliphile, 1561, French

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